ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1214.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Quantum Science And Technology Keywords: pionic entanglement; STAR experiment
Online: 16 August 2023 (13:51:56 CEST)
We present an analysis of recent experiments in femtoscopy by the STAR collaboration in terms of the protocol of entanglement witnessing involving purity measurements. The entanglement is between the charge and momentum degrees of freedom of pions and the state purity measurements ultimately rely on the bosonic nature of the detected pions. The pion experiment is intended to measure the size of nuclei and the distance between the nuclei involved, however it indirectly confirms that the states of dfferently charged pions are entangled through an entanglement witness based on the purity of various pionic states. The entangled state of pions can be modelled straightforwardly dynamically using a simple Hamiltonian. Quantum indistinguishability plays a key role in this analysis and we make comparison with the equivalent photonic experiments.