COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints202303.0479.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: ChatGPT; bibliometrics; trustworthiness; artificial intelligence; chatbots
Online: 28 March 2023 (09:34:13 CEST)
The introduction of the AI-powered chatbot ChatGPT by OpenAI has sparked much interest and debate among academic researchers. Commentators from different scientific disciplines have raised many concerns and issues, especially related to the ethics of using these tools in scientific writing and publications. In addition, there has been discussions about whether ChatGPT is trustworthy, effective, and useful in increasing researchers’ productivity. Therefore, in this paper, we evaluate ChatGPT’s performance on tasks related to bibliometric analysis, by comparing the output provided by the chatbot with a recently conducted bibliometric study on the same topic. The findings show that there are large discrepancies and ChatGPT’s trustworthiness is low in this particular area. Therefore, researchers should exercise caution when using ChatGPT as a tool in bibliometric studies.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202304.0158.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: ChatGPT; OpenAI; Artificial Intelligence (AI); Machine Learning (ML); Large Language Models (LLM)
Online: 10 April 2023 (08:40:13 CEST)
Modern language models are created to produce writing that can be mistaken for sentences authored by humans. Moreover, these models can converse with humans in a way that seems fair and logical. The most technologically advanced chatbot to date is ChatGPT, a version of OpenAI's Generative Pretrained Transformer (GPT) language standard. It can generate high-quality content in mere seconds, surpassing the capabilities of other chatbots. As a result, it has generated a lot of attention, enthusiasm and interest in various sectors and topics. This study provides an overview of the current research on ChatGPT, including its technological framework, support mechanisms, and implementation studies. Through this review, we explore the advantages and limitations of ChatGPT and propose future research directions.
COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints202304.0061.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Epidemiology And Infectious Diseases Keywords: COVID-19; Vaccine; Vaccine hesitancy; ChatGPT; Artificial Intelligence
Online: 5 April 2023 (11:55:54 CEST)
The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected all spheres of human life, resulting in millions of deaths and overwhelming medical facilities. Moreover, the world has witnessed great financial hardship because of job losses resulting in economic havoc. Many sections of society have contributed in different ways to slow the spread of the virus and protect public health. For example, medical scientists are praised for their efforts to develop COVID-19 vaccines. Clinical trials have shown that the COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective in preventing symptomatic COVID-19 infections. However, many people around the world have been hesitant to get vaccinated. Vaccine misconceptions have emerged and increased due to a combination of factors, including the availability of information on the Internet and the influence of celebrities and opinion leaders. In this context, we have analyzed ChatGPT responses to relevant queries on vaccine misconceptions. The positive responses and supportive opinions provided by the AI chatbot could be instrumental in shaping people’s perceptions of vaccines and in encouraging users to get vaccinated and reduce misconceptions.