Subject: Earth Sciences, Geology Keywords: petrographic characteristics; sandstones; physicomechanical properties; concrete petrography; CO2 storage
Online: 4 February 2020 (15:50:47 CET)
This paper examines the influence of the petrographic characteristics of sandstones from Klepa Nafpaktias (Greece) on their suitability in construction (concrete) and energy storage applications. For this scope, ten sandstones were collected in order to study their petrographic characteristics using petrographic microscope and a GIS software as well as their basic physical, mechanical and physicochemical properties. Concrete specimens (C25/30) were produced with constant volume proportions, workability, mixing and curing conditions using different sizes of each aggregate type. Aggregates were mixed both in dry and water saturated states in concrete. Three different types of sandstone aggregates were examined and classified in three district groups according to their physicomechanical properties, petrographic characteristics and surface texture. The classification in groups after the concrete compressive strength test (UCS) verified the initial classification in the same three groups relative to their grain size from coarse to fine grained. As the grain size decreases their physicomechanical and physicochemical properties are getting better resulting in higher concrete strength values (25 to 32 MPa). Furthermore, the proposed ratio C/A (crystals/ mm2) seems to influence the aggregate properties which constitute critical factors for the final concrete strength, presenting the more fine grained sandstones as the most suitable for concrete aggregates. Concerning the use of Klepa Nafpaktias sandstones as potential energy reservoirs, the studied sandstones have the appropriate physicochemical properties for the implementation of a financially feasible CO2 capture and storage scenario.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201810.0109.v1
Subject: Earth Sciences, Geology Keywords: petrographic characteristics; physicomechanical properties; concrete petrography
Online: 5 October 2018 (16:27:54 CEST)
This paper examines the effect of the aggregate type on concrete strength and more specifically how the petrographic characteristics of various aggregate rocks as well as their physico-mechanical properties influences the durability of C 25/30 strength class concrete. The studied aggregate rocks are derived from Veria-Naousa and Edessa ophiolitic complexes as well as granodiorite and albitite rocks from their surrounding areas in central Macedonia (Greece). Concretes are produced with constant volume proportions, workability, mixing and curing conditions using different sizes of each aggregate type. Aggregates were mixed both in dry and water saturated states in concretes. Six different types of aggregates were examined and classified in three district groups according to their physicomechanical properties, petrographic characteristics and surface texture. The classification in groups after the concrete compressive strength test verified the initial classification in the same three groups. Group I (ultramafic rocks) presents the lowest concrete strengths, depending on their high alteration degree and the low mechanical properties of ultramafic aggregates. Group II (mafic rocks and granodiorite) presents a wide range of concrete strengths, depending on different petrographic characteristics and mechanical properties. Group III (albite rocks) presents the highest concrete strengths, depending on their lowest alteration degree and their highest mechanical properties. Therefore mineralogy and microstructure of the coarse aggregates affects the final strength of the concrete specimens.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201806.0362.v1
Subject: Earth Sciences, Geology Keywords: phyllosilicate minerals; serpentine; chlorite; clay minerals; aggregates; physicomechanical properties
Online: 22 June 2018 (15:38:55 CEST)
This paper investigates the effect of alteration on the physicomechanical properties of igneous rocks from various areas from Greece used as aggregates. The studied lithologies include dunites, harzburgites, lherzolites, gabbros, diabases, dacites and andesites. Quantitative petrographic analysis shows that the tested samples display various percentages of secondary phyllosilicate minerals. Mineral quantification of studied rock samples was performed by using a Rietveld method on X-Ray diffraction patterns of the studied aggregates. The aggregates are also tested to assign moisture content [w (%)], total porosity [nt (%)], uniaxial compressive strength [UCS (MPa)] and Los Angeles abrasion test [LA (%)]. The influence of secondary phyllosilicate minerals on physicomechanical behavior of tested samples determined using regression analysis and their derived equations. Regression analysis shows positive relationship between the percentage of phyllosilicate minerals of rocks and moisture content as well as with the total porosity values. The relationships between phyllosilicate minerals in the ultramafic and mafic samples and their mechanical properties show that the total rates of phyllosilicate mineral products result negatively in their mechanical properties, while the low percentage of phyllosilicate minerals in volcanic rocks are not able to define set of their engineering parameters.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201903.0106.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Other Keywords: sterile aggregates; remediation of waste water; peat; biochar
Online: 8 March 2019 (08:57:21 CET)
This paper investigates an alternative use of sterile aggregate materials which may arise from various construction applications in conjunction with other low-cost mineral raw materials to remediate the acid mine drainage phenomenon. This study is based on the combination of unprocessed mineral raw materials as well as on the basic concept of the cyclic economy where the conversion of a waste into a raw material for another application can be achieved. In this way, the value of mineral raw materials can be prolonged for as long as possible, waste generation and exploitation of natural resources are minimized and resources are kept as far as possible within the existing economy. In this study, an electrically continuous flow driven forced device proposed and demonstrated for the remediation of waste water in lab-scale by using certain mixes of mineral raw materials (serpentinite, andesite, magnesite, peat and biochar). Our results focus on the impact of the studied mineral raw materials and especially on their synergy on the water purification potential under continuous water flow operation. Using the proposed 7-day experimental electrically continuous flow driven forced device with the certain mixes of mineral raw materials, the increase of pH values from 3.00 to 6.82 as well as significant removal of Fe, Cu and Zn was achieved.