ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202009.0164.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering Keywords: Simulation-Optimization; Radial Basis Function; Particle Swarm Optimization; Multi-Transmitter Placement
Online: 7 September 2020 (09:55:30 CEST)
With the every passing day, the demand for data traffic is increasing and this demand forces the research community not only to look for alternating spectrum for communication but also urges the radio frequency planners to use the existing spectrum smartly. Cell size is shrinking with the every upcoming communication generation which makes the base station placement planning complex and cumbersome. In order to make the next-generation cost-effective, it is important to design the network in such a way which utilizes minimum number of base stations while ensure coverage and quality of service. This paper aims at develop a new approach using hybrid metaheuristic and metamodel applied in multi-transmitter placement planning (MTPP) problem. We apply radial basis function (RBF) metamodel to assist particle swarm optimizer (PSO) in a constrained simulation-optimization (SO) of MTPP to mitigate the associated computational burden of optimization procedure. We evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of proposed algorithm in a case study by simulating MTPP model with two, three, four and five transmitters.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202107.0214.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering Keywords: Energy Harvesting; power management, Connected Vehicles; wind energy harvester; Smart Cities; electric Vehicle; IoT; Tesla; autonomous sensors
Online: 9 July 2021 (10:20:07 CEST)
The recent advancements in the field of communication have led data sharing to become an integral part of today's smart cities with the evolution of concepts such as the internet of vehicles (IoV) paradigm. As a part of IoV, Electric Vehicles (EVs) have recently gained momentum as authorities have started expanding their Low Emission Zones (LEZ) in an effort to build green cities with low carbon footprints. Energy is one of the key requirements of EVs not only to support the smooth and sustainable operation of EV itself but to also ensure connectivity between the vehicles and infrastructure with controlling devices like sensors and actuators installed within an EV. In this context, renewable energy sources (such as wind energy) dramatically play their parts in the automobile sector towards designing the energy harvesting electric vehicles (EH-EV) to pare the energy reliance on the national grid. In this article, a novel approach is presented to achieve electric generation due to vehicle mobility to support the communication primitives in electric vehicles which enables plenty of IoV use cases in the presence of surplus energy at hand. A small-scale wind turbine is designed to harness wind power for converting it into mechanical power. This power is then fed to the onboard DC generator to produce electrical energy. Furthermore, the acquired power is processed through a regulation circuitry to consequently achieve the desired power supply for the end load, i.e. the batteries installed. The suitable orientation for efficient power generation is proposed on ANSYS-based aerodynamics analysis. The voltages induced by DC generator at No-Load condition are 35V while at Full-Load 25V are generated at rated current of 6.9A, along with the generation of power at around 100W (at constant voltage) at the rated speed of 90 mph for nominal battery charging. Moreover, the acquired data can be monitored via an android application interface by using a Bluetooth module.