REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201809.0336.v1
Subject: Engineering, Biomedical & Chemical Engineering Keywords: Adsorption; Emerging contaminants; Biomass; Biochar; Activated carbon
Online: 18 September 2018 (09:06:00 CEST)
This review analyzes the synthesis and characterization of biomass-derived carbons for adsorption of emerging contaminants from water. The study begins with the definition and different types of emerging contaminants more often founded in water streams and the different technologies available for their removal including adsorption. It also describes the biomass sources that could be used for the synthesis of biochars and activated carbons. The characterization of the adsorbents and the different approaches that could be employed for the study of the adsorption processes are also detailed. Finally, the work reviews in detail some studies of the literature focused on the adsorption of emerging contaminants on biochars and activated carbons synthesized from biomass precursors.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0399.v1
Subject: Engineering, Biomedical & Chemical Engineering Keywords: Metal organic frameworks; Photocatalysis; Water purification
Online: 16 November 2018 (10:44:33 CET)
This review analyzes the preparation and characterization of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) and their application as photocatalysts for water purification. The study begins by highlighting the problem of water scarcity and the different solutions for purification, including photocatalysis with semiconductors such as MOFs. It also describes the different methodologies that can be used for the synthesis of MOFs, paying attention to the purification and activation steps. The characterization of MOFs and the different approaches that can be followed to learn on the photocatalytic processes are also detailed. Finally, the work reviews literature focused on the degradation of contaminants from water using MOF-based photocatalysts under light irradiation.