ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202007.0658.v1
Subject: Mathematics & Computer Science, Information Technology & Data Management Keywords: biometric matching; fully homomorphic encryption; privacy-preserving techniques
Online: 27 July 2020 (06:19:29 CEST)
One of the most reliable methods of authentication used today is biometric matching. This authentication process, which is done by using biometrics information such as fingerprint, iris, face, etc. is used in many application areas. Authentication at border gates is one of these areas. However, some restrictions have been introduced to storing and using such data, especially with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The main goal of this work is to find the practical implementation of fully homomorphic encryption-based biometric matching in border controls. In this paper, we propose a biometric authentication system based on hash expansion and fully homomorphic encryption features, considering these restrictions. One of the most significant drawbacks of the homomorphic encryption method is the long execution time. We solved this problem by executing the matching algorithm in parallel manner. The proposed scheme is implemented as proof-of-concept in the SMILE, and its advantages in privacy preservation has been demonstrated.