Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Job Crafting and Work-Life Balance in a Mature Organization

Version 1 : Received: 17 May 2023 / Approved: 18 May 2023 / Online: 18 May 2023 (10:03:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kardas, J.S. Job Crafting and Work–Life Balance in a Mature Organization. Sustainability 2023, 15, 16089. Kardas, J.S. Job Crafting and Work–Life Balance in a Mature Organization. Sustainability 2023, 15, 16089.


The study is focused on identifying areas of individualization in those mature organizations in which employees are free to make changes. In addition, factors affecting work-life balance and overlap between the jobs employees do and would like to do are determined. A critical review of the literature and a diagnostic survey, including interviews, questionnaires and observations, were used in the research process, together with the analysis of data concerning working conditions. Employees' opinions (n=300) on individualization areas, job crafting and overlap between performed and preferred jobs were analyzed. Calculations were done using IBM SPSS. According to the results, the maintenance of work-life balance (WLB) and the implementation of job crafting positively affect employee efficiency, counteracting professional burnout and a decrease in motivation. It turns out that employees of mature organizations are familiar with the areas of individualization and in some cases have freedom to implement job crafting. They like the work they do, which translates into well-maintained work-life balance. However, a big challenge for mature organizations is the constantly changing economic environment, the long-term nature of work-life balance programmes and their deferred effects. The results of the research can be an important starting point for extended studies.


job crafting; work-life balance; job design; mature organization


Business, Economics and Management, Human Resources and Organizations

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