Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influencing Factors for the Implementation of School-based Interventions Promoting Obesity Prevention Behaviors in Children with Low Socioeconomic Status: A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 28 November 2022 / Approved: 30 November 2022 / Online: 30 November 2022 (03:59:34 CET)

How to cite: Butscher, F.; Ellinger, J.; Singer, M.; Mall, C. Influencing Factors for the Implementation of School-based Interventions Promoting Obesity Prevention Behaviors in Children with Low Socioeconomic Status: A Systematic Review. Preprints 2022, 2022110562 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202211.0562.v1). Butscher, F.; Ellinger, J.; Singer, M.; Mall, C. Influencing Factors for the Implementation of School-based Interventions Promoting Obesity Prevention Behaviors in Children with Low Socioeconomic Status: A Systematic Review. Preprints 2022, 2022110562 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202211.0562.v1).

Abstract

Background: Health inequity (HI) remains a major challenge in public health. Improving the health of children with low socioeconomic status (SES) can help to reduce overall HI in children. Childhood obesity is a global problem, entailing several adverse health effects. It is crucial to assess influencing factors for adoption, implementation and sustainment of interventions. This review aims to identify articles reporting about influencing factors for the implementation of school-based interventions promoting obesity prevention behaviors in children with low SES. It aims to critically appraise the articles’ quality, assess influencing factors, categorize and evaluate them, and to discuss possible implications. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in 7 databases with the following main inclusion criteria: 1) school-based interventions and 2) target group aged 5–14 years. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, its five domains (intervention characteristics, inner setting, outer setting, characteristics of individuals, process) along with 39 constructs within these domains were used to deductively analyze the data. We grouped the articles with regard to the characteristics of the interventions in simple and complex interventions. For each domain, and for the groups of simple and complex interventions, the most commonly reported influencing factors are identified. Results: 6452 articles were screened, and 16 met all eligibility criteria. Included articles applied mixed methods (n=10), qualitative (n=5) and quantitative design (n=1). Of these, five were considered to report simple interventions and eleven were considered to report complex interventions. In total, 295 influencing factors were assessed. Aspects of the inner setting were reported in every study, aspects of the outer setting were the least reported domain, and in the group of simple interventions not reported at all. In the inner setting, most reported influencing factors were time (n=7), scheduling (n=6) and communication (n=6). Conclusion: This review found a wide range of influencing factors for implementation. Most important influencing factors need to be assessed for every setting. Including all stakeholders involved in the implementation process enhances the prioritization of the most important influencing factors for the specific setting. More empirical research and practical guidance are needed to promote obesity prevention behaviors among children with low SES.

Keywords

health equity; implementation; obesity; systematic review; CFIR; qualitative review; school-based interventions; children; facilitators

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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