Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Systematic Down-Selection of Repurposed Drug Candidates for COVID-19

Version 1 : Received: 19 September 2022 / Approved: 20 September 2022 / Online: 20 September 2022 (15:00:48 CEST)

How to cite: MacRaild, C.A.; Mohammed, M.; Faheem, F.; Murugesan, S.; Styles, I.K.; Peterson, A.L.; Kirkpatrick, C.M.; Cooper, M.A.; Palombo, E.A.; Simpson, M.M.; Jain, H.A.; Agarwal, V.; McAuley, A.J.; Kumar, A.; Creek, D.J.; Trevaskis, N.L.; Vasan, S.S. Systematic Down-Selection of Repurposed Drug Candidates for COVID-19. Preprints 2022, 2022090310 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0310.v1). MacRaild, C.A.; Mohammed, M.; Faheem, F.; Murugesan, S.; Styles, I.K.; Peterson, A.L.; Kirkpatrick, C.M.; Cooper, M.A.; Palombo, E.A.; Simpson, M.M.; Jain, H.A.; Agarwal, V.; McAuley, A.J.; Kumar, A.; Creek, D.J.; Trevaskis, N.L.; Vasan, S.S. Systematic Down-Selection of Repurposed Drug Candidates for COVID-19. Preprints 2022, 2022090310 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0310.v1).

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2, is the cause of the COVID-19 pandemic which has claimed more than six million lives worldwide, devastating the economy and overwhelming healthcare systems globally. The development of new drug molecules and vaccines has played a critical role in managing the pandemic; however, new variants of concern still pose a significant threat as the current vaccines cannot prevent all infections. This situation calls for the collaboration of biomedical scientists and healthcare workers across the world. Repurposing approved drugs is an effective way of fast-tracking new treatments for recently emerged diseases. To this end, we have assembled and curated a database consisting of 7817 compounds from the Compounds Australia Open Drug collection. We developed a set of eight filters based on indicators of efficacy and safety that were applied sequentially to down-select drugs that showed promise for drug repurposing efforts against SARS-CoV-2. Considerable effort was made to evaluate approximately 14000 assay data points for SARS-CoV-2 FDA/TGA-approved drugs and provide an average activity score for 3539 compounds. The filtering process identified 12 FDA approved molecules with established safety profiles that have a plausible mechanism for treating COVID-19 disease. The methodology developed in our study provides a template for prioritising repurposable drug candidates that are safe, efficacious, and cost-effective for the treatment of COVID-19, long COVID, or any other future disease. We present our database in an easy-to-use interactive interface (CoviRx, https://www.covirx.org/) that was also developed to enable scientific community to access to the data of over 7000 potential drugs and to implement alternative prioritisation and down-selection strategies.

Keywords

COVID-19; CoviRx.org; database; drugs; pandemic; repurposing; SARS-CoV-2; therapies; treatments; Variants of Concern (VOC)

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacology & Toxicology

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