Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance in the Context of the Health Belief Model: Comparative Cross-Sectional Study in Punjab, Pakistan

Version 1 : Received: 26 August 2022 / Approved: 29 August 2022 / Online: 29 August 2022 (05:11:18 CEST)

How to cite: Zakar, R.; Momina, A.U.; Shahzad, S.; Hayee, M.; Shahzad, R.; Zakar, M.Z.; Fischer, F. COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance in the Context of the Health Belief Model: Comparative Cross-Sectional Study in Punjab, Pakistan. Preprints 2022, 2022080467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0467.v1). Zakar, R.; Momina, A.U.; Shahzad, S.; Hayee, M.; Shahzad, R.; Zakar, M.Z.; Fischer, F. COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance in the Context of the Health Belief Model: Comparative Cross-Sectional Study in Punjab, Pakistan. Preprints 2022, 2022080467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0467.v1).

Abstract

One of the models that could be used to understand the adoption of vaccine uptake is the Health Belief Model (HBM). The aim of this study is to assess the role of HBM constructs and perceived health status (PHS) on vaccination status of individuals and to understand the role of socio-demographic variables on HBM scoring. A comparative cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted among 1,325 vaccinated (60.0%) and non-vaccinated (40.0%) vaccinated individuals aged 40 years and above in July 2021 in Punjab province, Pakistan. A higher level of education was the strongest predictor of positive HBM. All constructs of HBM, PHS and cues-to-action were significant predictors of COVID-19 vaccination uptake with perceived benefits as the strongest predictor. In order to expand the vaccination coverage, doubled pronged interventions utilizing both ICT and human resources should be designed that address each barrier perceived by individuals and understandably communicate the benefits of COVID-19 vaccine to the broader population.

Keywords

Corona; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine; mass media; cues-to-action; health status

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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