Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Modulation of the Central Stress Response System to Prevent Complications of COVID-19 ‘Dam and Wall Concept’

Version 1 : Received: 14 August 2022 / Approved: 16 August 2022 / Online: 16 August 2022 (05:07:18 CEST)

How to cite: Hyoju, S.K. Modulation of the Central Stress Response System to Prevent Complications of COVID-19 ‘Dam and Wall Concept’. Preprints 2022, 2022080278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0278.v1). Hyoju, S.K. Modulation of the Central Stress Response System to Prevent Complications of COVID-19 ‘Dam and Wall Concept’. Preprints 2022, 2022080278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0278.v1).

Abstract

We are in amidst of COVID-19 pandemic. Since Dec 2019, severe acute respiratory corona virus (SAR-CoV-2) has infected more than half a billion people killing nearly 7 million people worldwide. Now the BA.5 variant of SARS-CoV-2 is causing mayhem and driving the global surge. Epidemiologist are aware of the fact that this virus is capable of escaping immunity and likely to infect the same person multiple times despite adequate vaccination status. Elderly people of age more than 60 years and those with underlying health conditions are considered as high-risk who are likely to suffer complications and death. While it is tempting to frame complications and mortality from COVID-19 as a simple matter of too much of a virulent virus in too weak of a host, much more is at play here. Framing the pathophysiology of COVID-19 in the context of the Chrousos and Gold model of the central stress response system can shed insight into its complex pathogenesis. Understanding the mechanisms by which pharmacologic modulation of the central stress response system via administration of clonidine and/or dexamethasone may offer an explanation as to why a viral pathogen can be well tolerated and cleared by one host while inflaming and killing another.

Keywords

central stress response system; sympathetic activity; HPA axis; SAR-CoV-2; catecholamine; corti-costeriods; clonidine; dexamethasone

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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