Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Modelling Recent and Future Climate Scenarios Impact on Malaria Transmission in Senegal using bias-corrected CMIP6

Version 2 : Received: 16 August 2022 / Approved: 16 August 2022 / Online: 16 August 2022 (05:46:38 CEST)

How to cite: Diouf, I.; Ndione, J.; Gaye, A.T. Modelling Recent and Future Climate Scenarios Impact on Malaria Transmission in Senegal using bias-corrected CMIP6. Preprints 2022, 2022080275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0275.v2). Diouf, I.; Ndione, J.; Gaye, A.T. Modelling Recent and Future Climate Scenarios Impact on Malaria Transmission in Senegal using bias-corrected CMIP6. Preprints 2022, 2022080275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0275.v2).

Abstract

Malaria is a constant reminder of the climate change impacts on health. Many studies have investigated the influence of climatic parameters on the of malaria transmission. Climate conditions can modulate malaria transmission through increased temperature, which reduces the duration of the parasite's reproductive cycle inside the mosquito. The intensity and frequency of the rainfall modulate the development of the mosquito population. In this study, the Liverpool Malaria Model (LMM) is used to simulate the spatio-temporal variation of the malaria incidence in Senegal. The simulations are based on the WATCH Forcing Data applied to ERA-Interim data (WFDEI) used as a point of reference, and biased-corrected CMIP6 models, separating historical and projections for 3 Shared Socio-economic Pathways scenarios (SSP126, SSP245 and SSP585). Our results highlight a strong increase in temperatures, especially towards eastern Senegal under the SSP245 but mainly the SSP585 scenarios. The ability of the LMM model to simulate the seasonality of malaria incidence is assessed. The model reveals a period of high malaria transmission between September and November with a maximum reached in October. Results indicate a decrease in malaria incidence in certain regions of the country for the far future and for the extreme scenario. This study is importance for the planning, prioritization, and implementation of control activities in Senegal.

Keywords

projections; CMIP6; climate; impacts; health; malaria; Malaria; Senegal

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 16 August 2022
Commenter: Ibrahima Diouf
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: We changed the Acknowledgments as follows: 

Acknowledgments: We thank the University of Liverpool, where the LMM model was developed. We would also like to thank the Laboratoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère et de l’Océan-Siméon Fongang (LPAOSF) from which the authors of this work are affiliated. The authors would like to acknowledge the LMDz where CMIP6 simulations are extracted from.
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