Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Origins of Seljuk Ornamental Art in Anatolia

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2022 / Approved: 13 July 2022 / Online: 13 July 2022 (08:42:38 CEST)

How to cite: Erbudak, M. The Origins of Seljuk Ornamental Art in Anatolia. Preprints 2022, 2022070193. Erbudak, M. The Origins of Seljuk Ornamental Art in Anatolia. Preprints 2022, 2022070193.


The Seljuks, who came from the Central Asian prairies, invaded Asia Minor towards the end of the 11th century. The land had been settled by then mainly by the Christian Eastern Romans and Armenian peoples. Seljuks were Moslems; they built monumental structures, some of which have survived the natural disasters of several centuries to the present day. Most of these architectural marvels contain extraordinary decorations in the form of ornaments, friezes and rosettes. I have studied periodic ornaments and classified them into 17 mathematical wallpaper groups according to their symmetry properties that reveal their global structure. On the other hand, the local details of the ornaments, the motifs, show a clear variation from simple geometric patterns to complicated and refined forms. Seljuk art was originally influenced by Persian styles, later influenced by the Christian population in Asia Minor, and finally represents the impact of Islamic culture.

Supplementary and Associated Material The method of wallpaper classification is described for the Rum Seljuk artwork.


Ornaments; Symmetry; Wallpaper Group; Rum Seljuks; Islamic Art


Arts and Humanities, Art

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