Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genetic Sequence Variation in the Plasmodium falciparum Histidine-rich Protein 2 Gene from Field Isolates in Tanzania: Impact on Malaria Rapid Diagnosis

Version 1 : Received: 12 July 2022 / Approved: 13 July 2022 / Online: 13 July 2022 (07:49:05 CEST)

How to cite: Kaaya, R.D.; Amour, C.; Matowo, J.; Mosha, F.; Kavishe, R.A.; Beshir, K.B. Genetic Sequence Variation in the Plasmodium falciparum Histidine-rich Protein 2 Gene from Field Isolates in Tanzania: Impact on Malaria Rapid Diagnosis . Preprints 2022, 2022070191 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0191.v1). Kaaya, R.D.; Amour, C.; Matowo, J.; Mosha, F.; Kavishe, R.A.; Beshir, K.B. Genetic Sequence Variation in the Plasmodium falciparum Histidine-rich Protein 2 Gene from Field Isolates in Tanzania: Impact on Malaria Rapid Diagnosis . Preprints 2022, 2022070191 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0191.v1).

Abstract

Malaria rapid diagnosis test (RDT) is crucial for managing the disease, and the effectiveness of detection depends on parameters such as sensitivity and specificity of the RDT. Several factors can affect the performance of RDT. In this study, we focus on pfhrp2 sequence variation and its impact on RDTs targeted by antigens encoded by pfhrp2. Field samples collected during cross-sectional surveys in Tanzania were sequenced to investigate pfhrp2 sequence diversity and evaluate the impact on HRP2-based RDT performance. We observed significant mean differences in amino acid repeats between current and previous studies. Several new amino acid repeats were found to occur at different frequencies, including types AAY, AHHAHHAAN and AHHAA. Based on the abundance of types 2 and 7 amino acid repeats, the binary predictive model was able to predict RDT insensitivity by about 69 % in the study area. About 85% of the major epitopes targeted by Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) in RDT were identified. Our study suggests that the extensive sequence variation in the pfhrp2 could contribute to reduced RDT sensitivity. The correlation between the different combinations of amino acid repeats and the performance of RDT in different malaria transmission settings should be investigated further.

Keywords

malaria diagnosis; Pfhrp2; amino acid repeats; sequence variation; genetic polymorphism; Plasmodium falciparum

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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