Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Multi-function Swing Suspension Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Influence on Upper and Lower Extremities Function and Quality of Life with Respect to Expanded Disability Status Scale

Version 1 : Received: 30 June 2022 / Approved: 1 July 2022 / Online: 1 July 2022 (07:59:06 CEST)

How to cite: Sepehri far, S.; Amiri, B.; Sahebozamani, M.; Ebrahimi, H.A. Multi-function Swing Suspension Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Influence on Upper and Lower Extremities Function and Quality of Life with Respect to Expanded Disability Status Scale. Preprints 2022, 2022070006 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0006.v1). Sepehri far, S.; Amiri, B.; Sahebozamani, M.; Ebrahimi, H.A. Multi-function Swing Suspension Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Influence on Upper and Lower Extremities Function and Quality of Life with Respect to Expanded Disability Status Scale. Preprints 2022, 2022070006 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0006.v1).

Abstract

Background: Upper extremities’ function impairments (UEFI) and gait impairment are frequently reported even in the early stages of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) disease. These motor deficits can negatively affect the quality of life (QOL) in MS patient. Exercise has been repeatedly introduced as a beneficial adjuvant therapy for MS, attenuating a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms without any side effects or increased risks of relapse or exacerbation in disease symptoms.Aim: This paper investigates the effect of multi-function swing suspension training (MFSST) program on upper and lower extremities’ function (ULEF), and QOL in MS women according to expanded disability status scale (EDSS) score.Design: Experimental method with a pre-test and post-test design with control group. Setting: The department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercise at the Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman.Population: Forty-seven MS women.Methods: Eligible subjects who matched the selection criteria were randomly assigned into three groups as follow: i. Intervention group A (EDSS of 2 – 4), ii. Intervention group B (EDSS of 4.5 – 6.5), and iii. Control group (EDSS of 2 – 6.5). The intervention groups have been trained by the SET program for a duration of 8 weeks. At baseline and after the intervention, the upper extremities’ function (UEF) and the lower extremities’ function (LEF) were assessed by 9-hole peg test (9HPT) and the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW) test, respectively. Moreover, participants’ QOL was measured using the Short Form questionnaire (SF-36).Results: A significant difference was found between the pre-test and post-test variables of walking speed and upper extremity endurance in intervention groups, and between the intervention groups and control group (P < 0.05). Compared to control group, both intervention groups showed improvements in all subscales of QOL, except emotional role limitation score.Conclusions: In summary, these results show that the present protocol of MFSST could be effective in improving ULEF and QOL in MS patients, showing the improvements after 4th week. Moreover, this protocol was more useful for patients with an EDSS score of more than 4.5. Therefore, it seems that exercise therapy should be considered as a beneficial clinical intervention approach to improve ULEF and QOL in MS patients.

Keywords

Multi-function swing suspension training; Upper extremity function; Lower extremity function; Quality of life; Multiple sclerosis

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Sport Sciences & Therapy

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