Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prioritization of Critical Areas on Hydrological Response Unit Level for Sediment and Nutrient Loss Control in a River Basin of India

Version 1 : Received: 22 February 2022 / Approved: 23 February 2022 / Online: 23 February 2022 (14:38:00 CET)

How to cite: Khalkho, D.; Tripathi, M.P.; Patel, S.; Al-Ansari, N.; Kumar, L.; Sagar, A.; Singh, P.; Singh, V.K.; Vishwakarma, D.K.; Elbeltagi, A. Prioritization of Critical Areas on Hydrological Response Unit Level for Sediment and Nutrient Loss Control in a River Basin of India. Preprints 2022, 2022020298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0298.v1). Khalkho, D.; Tripathi, M.P.; Patel, S.; Al-Ansari, N.; Kumar, L.; Sagar, A.; Singh, P.; Singh, V.K.; Vishwakarma, D.K.; Elbeltagi, A. Prioritization of Critical Areas on Hydrological Response Unit Level for Sediment and Nutrient Loss Control in a River Basin of India. Preprints 2022, 2022020298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0298.v1).

Abstract

Mahanadi is one of the major inter-state east flowing perennial rivers in peninsular India. Hamp watershed of Seonath Sub-basin of upper Mahanadi basin was considered for the study to estimate the sediment yield and nutrient loss-based identification of critical agricultural sub-watershed and its critical Hydrological Response Unit (HRU) using Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) in-terfaced with GIS i.e., ArcSWAT. The study area was divided into 14 sub-watersheds considering topographical parameters derived from DEM and drainage network. The land cover, soil layers, and DEM were used to generate 207 HRUs for analysis of annual runoff, sediment yield and nu-trient loss for 2004-2008 (calibration period) and 2010-2013 (validation period). The sediment yield, runoff estimation and nutrient loss matched consistently well with the monthly and seasonal measured values. On the basis of average annual sediment yield (18.18 t/ha), runoff (245.97 mm) and nutrient loss NO3-N (1.62 kg/ha), respectively, sub-watershed WS4 was categorized under high priority for critical are identification. The sub watershed WS4 comprises of 15 HRUs (No. 36 - 50) with four kharif crops viz rice, soybean, maize and sugarcane. Results showed that the crops soy-bean, maize and sugarcane reduced the average annual runoff by 18.1, 31.4 and 18.0 per cent, respectively whereas the sediment yield was increased drastically by 104.5, 37.5 and 5.7 per cent, respectively as compared to rice. Soybean and maize crops HRU generate significant amount of soil and nutrient loss and were found to be as the critical HRUs for the upper Mahanadi River basin

Keywords

Sediment yield; runoff; SWAT; Watershed; Hydrological model; Hydrological Response Units; Critical area

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Other

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