Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Broadband Price Index in Europe

Version 1 : Received: 17 February 2022 / Approved: 18 February 2022 / Online: 18 February 2022 (07:39:06 CET)

How to cite: Leogrande, A.; Magaletti, N.; Cosoli, G.; Massaro, A. Broadband Price Index in Europe. Preprints 2022, 2022020226 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0226.v1). Leogrande, A.; Magaletti, N.; Cosoli, G.; Massaro, A. Broadband Price Index in Europe. Preprints 2022, 2022020226 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0226.v1).

Abstract

This article analyzes the determinants of the "Broadband Price Index" in Europe. The data used refer to 28 European countries between 2016 and 2021. The database used is the Digital, Economy and Society Index-DESI of the European Commission. The data were analyzed using the following econometric techniques, namely Panel Data with Random Effects, Panel Data with Fixed Effects, Pooled OLS, WLS and Dynamic Panel. The value of the "Broadband Price Index" is positively associated with the DESI Index, and "Connectivity" while it is negatively associated with "Fixed Broadband Take Up", "Fixed Broadband Coverage", "Mobile Broadband", "e-Government", "Advanced Skills and Development", "Integration of Digital Technology", "At Least Basic Digital Skills ", "Above Basic Digital Skills "," At Least Basic Software Skills ". A cluster analysis was carried out below using the k-Means algorithm optimized with the Silhouette coefficient. The analysis revealed the existence of three clusters. Finally, an analysis of the machine learning algorithms was carried out to predict the future value of the "Broadband Price Index". The result shows that the most useful algorithm for prediction is the Artificial Neural Network-ANN with an estimated value equal to an amount of 9.21%.

Keywords

Innovation and Invention; Processes and Incentives; Management of Technological Innovation and R&D; Diffusion Processes; Open Innovation

Subject

SOCIAL SCIENCES, Economics

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