Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genomic Insights on the Functional Capabilities of the Cyano-Sphere of Edible Andean Nostoc Macrocolonies (Llayta)

Version 1 : Received: 11 February 2022 / Approved: 15 February 2022 / Online: 15 February 2022 (20:25:40 CET)

How to cite: Vilo, C.; Galetovic, A.; Dong, Q.; Gómez-Silva, B. Genomic Insights on the Functional Capabilities of the Cyano-Sphere of Edible Andean Nostoc Macrocolonies (Llayta). Preprints 2022, 2022020189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0189.v1). Vilo, C.; Galetovic, A.; Dong, Q.; Gómez-Silva, B. Genomic Insights on the Functional Capabilities of the Cyano-Sphere of Edible Andean Nostoc Macrocolonies (Llayta). Preprints 2022, 2022020189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0189.v1).

Abstract

Cyanobacteria biomasses are sources of secondary metabolites and nutritious ingredients such as vitamins, essential amino acids, and unsaturated fatty acids. Biochemical composition, presence of cyanotoxins and contaminants are major concerns to be addressed on such edible biomasses. Macrocolonies of a filamentous diazotrophic Nostoc species known as Llayta are found at Andean wetlands and consumed since pre-Columbian times in South America. Its biochemical composition has been previously conducted to assess their nutritious quality and cyanotoxicity. Macrocolonies of filamentous cyanobacteria are niches for colonization by diverse microorganisms; however, the Llayta microcolonies cyanosphere is unknown. Based on a culture-independent approach, we report the identification of members of the resilient microflora associated with Llayta trichomes after Gentamicin treatments. We have also reconstructed the genomes of the Llayta macrocolony-forming Nostoc sp. cyanobacterium (6,781,030 bp; GC content of 41.2%) and the genomes of five dominant bacteria genera (Mesorhizobium, Microvirga, Paracoccus, Aquimonas, and Blastomonas). The detection of genes and genes clusters involved in primary and secondary metabolism is described. Our results provide new insights on the metabolic capabilities and biotechnological potential of the Andean Nostoc cyanobacterium, and the ecological role and adaptive strategies of microorganisms living under extreme environmental conditions at the Andean wetlands.

Keywords

cyanosphere; cyanobacteria; Llayta; Nostoc macrocolonies; metagenomics; microbiome

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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