Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Compassion Fatigue in Nursing Professionals from Complex Care Units of a Brazilian University Hospital

Version 1 : Received: 22 January 2022 / Approved: 25 January 2022 / Online: 25 January 2022 (11:02:39 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lourenção, L.G.; Rigino, B.M.; Sasaki, N.S.G.M.d.S.; Pinto, M.J.C.; Ximenes Neto, F.R.G.; Borges, F.A.; Santos, M.d.L.S.G.; Penha, J.G.M.; Galvão, D.M.; dos Santos, B.M.P.; Cunha, I.C.K.O.; de Oliveira, J.F.; Afonso, M.d.S.; Cunha, C.L.F.; da Silva, F.G.; Freire, N.P.; do Nascimento, V.F.; Rodrigues, S.T.; de Carvalho, T.M.; Lemos, M.; da Cunha, J.L.; Domingos, N.A.M. Analysis of the Coping Strategies of Primary Health Care Professionals: Cross-Sectional Study in a Large Brazilian Municipality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063332 Lourenção, L.G.; Rigino, B.M.; Sasaki, N.S.G.M.d.S.; Pinto, M.J.C.; Ximenes Neto, F.R.G.; Borges, F.A.; Santos, M.d.L.S.G.; Penha, J.G.M.; Galvão, D.M.; dos Santos, B.M.P.; Cunha, I.C.K.O.; de Oliveira, J.F.; Afonso, M.d.S.; Cunha, C.L.F.; da Silva, F.G.; Freire, N.P.; do Nascimento, V.F.; Rodrigues, S.T.; de Carvalho, T.M.; Lemos, M.; da Cunha, J.L.; Domingos, N.A.M. Analysis of the Coping Strategies of Primary Health Care Professionals: Cross-Sectional Study in a Large Brazilian Municipality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063332

Journal reference: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022, 19, 3332
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19063332

Abstract

The aim was to evaluate levels of compassion fatigue in nursing professionals working in complex care units of a Brazilian university hospital. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational study was carried out with nursing workers from complex care units of a University Hospital. Data were collected in the second half of 2019, in the pre-pandemic period of COVID-19, using the Brazilian version of the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQoL-BR). A total of 146 individuals partici-pated, including 41 (28.1%) nurses, 92 (63.0%) nursing technicians and 13 (8.9%) nursing assis-tants. It was observed that 26.1% presented high level of compassion satisfaction. For 17.5% there was level of burnout and 49.7%, medium level of burnout; and 22.0% with high and 46.1% with medium level of secondary traumatic stress. Twenty-eight (19.2%) professionals had compassion fatigue, of which 16 (57.1%) were nursing technicians. There is a high percentage of professionals with medium and high rates of burnout and secondary traumatic stress, a fact that is reinforced by the presence of compassion fatigue in almost one fifth of the studied individuals. These results highlights how much the health of these workers can be affected by living with traumatic patient experiences.

Keywords

compassion fatigue; nurse practitioners; critical care nursing; occupational health

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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