Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Midpalatal Suture Density CBCT Evaluation, Sex Gender and Growth Pattern Related Variability in 392 Adolescents Treated With Rapid Maxillary Expander Appliance

Version 1 : Received: 31 December 2021 / Approved: 12 January 2022 / Online: 12 January 2022 (13:42:31 CET)

How to cite: Macrì, M.; Toniato, E.; Murmura, G.; Varvara, G.; Festa, F. Midpalatal Suture Density CBCT Evaluation, Sex Gender and Growth Pattern Related Variability in 392 Adolescents Treated With Rapid Maxillary Expander Appliance. Preprints 2022, 2022010167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0167.v1). Macrì, M.; Toniato, E.; Murmura, G.; Varvara, G.; Festa, F. Midpalatal Suture Density CBCT Evaluation, Sex Gender and Growth Pattern Related Variability in 392 Adolescents Treated With Rapid Maxillary Expander Appliance. Preprints 2022, 2022010167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0167.v1).

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the changes in the mean bone density values of the midpalatal suture in 392 young patients treated with the Rapid Palatal Expander appliance according to sex, gender, vertical and sagittal skeletal patterns. Materials and Methods. The evaluations were performed using the low-dose protocol cone-beam computed tomography scans at t0 (preoperatively) and t1 (1 year after the beginning of the therapy). The region of interest was used to calculate bone density in Hounsfield units (HU) in the area between the maxillary incisors. Results. CBCT scan data of 196 females and 196 males (mean age of 11,7 years) showed homogeneous and similar density values of the MPS at T0 (547.59 HU - 565.85 HU) and T1 (542.31 - 554.20 HU). Class III skeletal individuals showed a significant higher BD than the II class group at T0, but not at T1. Females showed significantly higher BD than males at t0 and t1. No significant differences were found between the other groups and between two-time points in terms of bone density values of the MPS. Conclusions. Females and III class groups showed significantly higher bone density values than males and II class, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found from T0 to T1 in any groups, suggesting that a similar rate of suture reorganization occurs after the use of the RPE, following reorganization and bone deposition along with the MPS.

Keywords

rapid palatal expander; midpalatal suture; bone density; cone-beam computed tomography, facial patterns, skeletal growth pattern.

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Dentistry

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