Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Early Rehabilitation Programs Improve Pain and Disability in Patients with Lumbar Disc Protrusion: A Prospective Controlled Study

Version 1 : Received: 8 January 2022 / Approved: 12 January 2022 / Online: 12 January 2022 (08:23:24 CET)

How to cite: Tarcău, E.; Ianc, D.; Sîrbu, E.; Ciobanu, D.; Boca, I.C.; Marcu, F. Early Rehabilitation Programs Improve Pain and Disability in Patients with Lumbar Disc Protrusion: A Prospective Controlled Study. Preprints 2022, 2022010158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0158.v1). Tarcău, E.; Ianc, D.; Sîrbu, E.; Ciobanu, D.; Boca, I.C.; Marcu, F. Early Rehabilitation Programs Improve Pain and Disability in Patients with Lumbar Disc Protrusion: A Prospective Controlled Study. Preprints 2022, 2022010158 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0158.v1).

Abstract

Low back pain is a common problem in the active population, and the second reason for visiting a physician. In patients with lumbar disc protrusion, the nucleus pulposus bulges against the disc and the latter protrudes into the spinal column, but the annulus fibrosus remains intact. The purpose of this study was to prove that starting an early complex rehabilitation treatment results into pain and disability reduction, and increased muscle strength and mobility in patients with lumbar disc protrusions. We performed a prospective cohort study, enrolling 60 patients (25 men and 35 women) aged between 26 to 76 years, diagnosed with lumbar disc protrusion. Patients in the experimental group registered significant improvements in all studied variables (pain, mobility, muscle strength, disability) after 6 months of treatment. The results of our study suggest that, in the lumbar disc disease, a combined rehabilitation program may be more effective in terms of pain and disability reduction, if it starts early after diagnosis. The current study proves the importance of combining electrotherapy with hydrotherapy and physical therapy. Patients who received this treatment combination showed an extremely significant improvement in pain relief, and reduction of functional disability after 6 months of treatment.

Keywords

low back pain; physical therapy; disability; hydrotherapy

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Sport Sciences & Therapy

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