Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Cardioprotection of Immature Heart by Simultaneous Activation of PKA and EPAC : A Role for the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore

Version 1 : Received: 24 December 2021 / Approved: 10 January 2022 / Online: 10 January 2022 (13:38:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lewis, M.J.; Khaliulin, I.; Hall, K.; Suleiman, M.S. Cardioprotection of Immature Heart by Simultaneous Activation of PKA and Epac: A Role for the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 1720. Lewis, M.J.; Khaliulin, I.; Hall, K.; Suleiman, M.S. Cardioprotection of Immature Heart by Simultaneous Activation of PKA and Epac: A Role for the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 1720.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 1720
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23031720

Abstract

Metabolic and ionic changes during ischaemia predispose the heart to the damaging effects of reperfusion. Such changes and the resulting injury differ between immature and adult heart. Therefore, cardioprotective strategies for adults need to be tested in immature heart. We have recently shown that simultaneous activation of PKA and EPAC confers marked cardioprotection in adult hearts. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of this intervention in immature hearts and determine whether the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) is involved. Isolated perfused Langendorff hearts from both adult and immature rats were exposed to global ischaemia and reperfusion injury (I/R) following control perfusion or perfusion after an equilibra-tion period with activators of PKA and/or EPAC. Functional outcome and reperfusion injury were measured and in parallel, mitochondria were isolated following 5 min reperfusion to determine whether cardioprotective interventions involved changes in MPTP opening behaviour. Perfusion for 5 minutes preceding ischaemia of injury- matched adult and immature hearts with 5 µM 8-Br (8-Br-cAMP-AM), an activator of both PKA and EPAC, led to significant reduction in post-reperfusion CK release and infarct size. Perfusion with this agent also led to a reduction in MPTP opening propensity in both adult and immature hearts. These data show that immature hearts are innately more resistant to I/R injury than adults, and that this is due to a reduced ten-dency to MPTP opening following reperfusion. Further, simultaneous stimulation of PKA & EPAC causes cardioprotection which is additive to the innate resistance.

Keywords

Ischaemia/reperfusion injury; Development; Mitochondria; Immature Heart

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Anesthesiology

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