Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Experimental Study of Steel Shot and Lead Shot Transformation Under the Environmental Factors

Version 1 : Received: 5 January 2022 / Approved: 6 January 2022 / Online: 6 January 2022 (11:37:38 CET)

How to cite: Lisin, V.; Chizhikova, V.; Lubkova, T.; Yablonskaya, D. Experimental Study of Steel Shot and Lead Shot Transformation Under the Environmental Factors. Preprints 2022, 2022010077 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0077.v1). Lisin, V.; Chizhikova, V.; Lubkova, T.; Yablonskaya, D. Experimental Study of Steel Shot and Lead Shot Transformation Under the Environmental Factors. Preprints 2022, 2022010077 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0077.v1).

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the patterns of steel and lead shot transformation under the impact of environmental factors (two types of shot exposed alone and in combination with each other). The analyzed environmental factors include atmospheric precipitation of various acidity and soil solutions with a higher content of organic acids. This research demonstrated that steel shot is characterized by a high transformation rate that is an order of magnitude higher on average than the transformation rate of lead under the same conditions. The prevalence of the suspended iron form (excluding the interaction with organic acids) presents risks for such environmental components as soils and sediments and may be hazardous to the ambient air and natural waters in case of wind erosion and surface runoff from the catchment area. Furthermore, the joint presence of steel and lead shot mutually accelerates the corrosion of both metals, thus increasing the environmental risks.

Keywords

ammunition, environmental factors, transformation of lead shot, transformation of steel shot

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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