Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Unknown Suns: Laszlo Hudec, Antonin Raymond and the Rising of a Modern Architecture for Eastern Asia

Version 1 : Received: 29 December 2021 / Approved: 30 December 2021 / Online: 30 December 2021 (13:07:36 CET)

How to cite: Anghel, A.A.; Cabeza-Lainez, J.; Xu, Y. Unknown Suns: Laszlo Hudec, Antonin Raymond and the Rising of a Modern Architecture for Eastern Asia. Preprints 2021, 2021120488 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0488.v1). Anghel, A.A.; Cabeza-Lainez, J.; Xu, Y. Unknown Suns: Laszlo Hudec, Antonin Raymond and the Rising of a Modern Architecture for Eastern Asia. Preprints 2021, 2021120488 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0488.v1).

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to disclose the strenuous efforts of Laszlo Hudec in China and Antonin Raymond in Japan and India to create a modern architectural stance by heralding an incipient space syntax. In the turn of the 19th Century, for dynastic, politic and economic reasons, Eastern Asia had very little modern Architecture. It is a surprising fact that, out of happenstance, two European architects Antonin Raymond and Laszlo Hudec, had to intervene to remedy this situation, to the point of becoming 20th Century icons in Japan and China. Their fruitful careers spanned over thirty years and included locations, like Tamil Nadu or the Philippines. The Oriental territories were not an easy ground for the bold architectural achievements that they produced. Despite of faraway strangeness and uncountable personal losses, in revolutions and wars, which eventually forced them both to leave for the United States of America and never to return, they were successful in the manner of establishing a broad avenue for Modern Asian Architecture which is still recognisable today thanks to their systematic approach. However, theirs is an endangered heritage and the intention of this article is to be a just remembrance of in which way such actions could be performed, how they predated by many years a syntactic approach to architectural composition and why their legacy should be preserved.

Keywords

Modern Architecture in East Asia; Architectural Design; Laszlo Hudec; Antonin Raymond; Innovative Architectural Projects. Space Syntax. Asian traditions.

Subject

ARTS & HUMANITIES, Architecture and Design

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