Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Vaccine hesitancy among Sudanese parents and its association with the uptake of measles vaccine

Version 1 : Received: 11 December 2021 / Approved: 20 December 2021 / Online: 20 December 2021 (13:58:34 CET)

How to cite: Sabahelzain, M.M.; Moukhyer, M.; van den Borne, B.; Bosma, H. Vaccine hesitancy among Sudanese parents and its association with the uptake of measles vaccine. Preprints 2021, 2021120313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0313.v1). Sabahelzain, M.M.; Moukhyer, M.; van den Borne, B.; Bosma, H. Vaccine hesitancy among Sudanese parents and its association with the uptake of measles vaccine. Preprints 2021, 2021120313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0313.v1).

Abstract

Vaccine uptake is one of the indicators that has been used to guide immunization programs. This study aimed to evaluate whether the measles vaccine uptake is predicted by measles vaccine hesitancy. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in urban districts in Khartoum state in February 2019. Measles vaccine uptake among children was measured as either fully vaccinated or partially/not vaccinated. The Parents Attitude about Childhood Vaccination (PACV) scale was used to measure measles vaccine hesitancy. Multivariate logistic regression was run to identify the predictors of measles vaccination uptake controlling for sociodemographic variables and the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% CI were calculated. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was performed, besides area under the curve (AUC) for the PACV was computed. Data was collected from 495 participants. We found that measles vaccine hesitancy (PACV scores) predicted the uptake of measles vaccine after controlling other potential social confounders such as mother’s age and the number of children (aOR 1.055, 95% CI 1.028-1.028). Additionally, the ROC for the PACV yielded area under the curve (AUC 0.686 (95% CI 0.620-0.751, P <0.001). Our findings show that measles vaccine hesitancy in Sudan directly influences the uptake of the measles vaccine. Addressing the determinants of vaccine hesitancy through communication strategies will improve vaccine uptake.

Keywords

Measles vaccine; Vaccine hesitancy; Measles vaccine uptake; Immunization; Sudan; PACV

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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