Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Factors Affecting the Knowledge and Motivation of Health Cadres on Stunting Prevention in Children in Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2021 / Approved: 20 December 2021 / Online: 20 December 2021 (12:40:36 CET)

How to cite: Mediani, H.S.; Hendrawati, S.; Pahria, T.; Mediawati, A.S.; Suryani, M. Factors Affecting the Knowledge and Motivation of Health Cadres on Stunting Prevention in Children in Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021120312 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0312.v1). Mediani, H.S.; Hendrawati, S.; Pahria, T.; Mediawati, A.S.; Suryani, M. Factors Affecting the Knowledge and Motivation of Health Cadres on Stunting Prevention in Children in Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021120312 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0312.v1).

Abstract

Stunting in children is a serious problem of nutritional disorders and is strictly monitored by the Indonesian government, it is not only cause physical but also cognitive abnormalities in the form of less intelligence in children so that when they grow up, their productivity will decrease. The incidence of stunting in 2018 in Indonesia was 30.8 %, while in West Java was 29.92%, still at a moderate to high level, consequently, prevention and early detection efforts need to be carried out by various parties, including health professionals and health cadres. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between the socio demographic characteristics factors as well as the knowledge and motivation of health cadres in the stunting prevention in West Java. A correlational study with a cross-sectional approach was employed with the samples of health cadres from 8 districts/cities in West Java Province: Karawang, Tasikmalaya, Garut, Bandung, Subang, Sukabumi, Cianjur, and West Bandung. A total of 363 health cadres participated and the sampling technique used is the stratified method. The data were collected using a questionnaire developed specifically for this study and were analyzed using a correlation with Chi-Square test and presented in the form of a frequency distribution. The study findings found that majority of the health cadres have good knowledge of 81.27%, which was significantly influenced by education level and marital status with p <0.05. Meanwhile, approximately half of the respondents had moderate motivation with 47.66%, while one-third or 39.12% had high motivation. This motivation was significantly influenced by education level, marital status, and age with p <0.05. It was concluded that health cadres need to further enhance the roles and functions in the prevention and early detection of stunting in West Java by providing continuous guidance, stunting training prevention and award presentations.

Keywords

Health cadres; knowledge; motivation; stunting children; stunting prevention

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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