Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Komagataella phaffii Cue5 Piggybacks on Lipid Droplets for Its Vacuolar Degradation During Stationary Phase Lipophagy

Version 1 : Received: 15 December 2021 / Approved: 16 December 2021 / Online: 16 December 2021 (12:09:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kumar, R.; Shroff, A.; Nazarko, T.Y. Komagataella phaffii Cue5 Piggybacks on Lipid Droplets for Its Vacuolar Degradation during Stationary Phase Lipophagy. Cells 2022, 11, 215. Kumar, R.; Shroff, A.; Nazarko, T.Y. Komagataella phaffii Cue5 Piggybacks on Lipid Droplets for Its Vacuolar Degradation during Stationary Phase Lipophagy. Cells 2022, 11, 215.

Journal reference: Cells 2022, 11, 215
DOI: 10.3390/cells11020215

Abstract

Recently, we developed Komagataella phaffii (formerly Pichia pastoris) as a model for lipophagy, the selective autophagy of lipid droplets (LDs). We found that lipophagy pathways induced by acute nitrogen (N) starvation and in stationary (S) phase have different molecular mechanisms. Moreover, both types of lipophagy are independent of Atg11, the scaffold protein that interacts with most autophagic receptors and, therefore, is essential for most types of selective autophagy in yeast. Since yeast aggrephagy, the selective autophagy of ubiquitinated protein aggregates, is also independent of Atg11 and utilizes the ubiquitin-binding receptor, Cue5, we studied the relationship of K. phaffii Cue5 with differentially induced LDs and lipophagy. While there was no relationship of Cue5 with LDs and lipophagy under N-starvation conditions, Cue5 accumulated on LDs in S-phase and degraded together with LDs via S-phase lipophagy. The accumulation of Cue5 on LDs and its degradation by S-phase lipophagy strongly depended on the ubiquitin-binding CUE domain and Prl1, the positive regulator of lipophagy 1. However, unlike Prl1, which is required for S-phase lipophagy, Cue5 was dispensable for it suggesting that Cue5 is rather a new substrate of this pathway. We propose that a similar mechanism (Prl1-dependent accumulation on LDs) might be employed by Prl1 to recruit another ubiquitin-binding protein that is essential for S-phase lipophagy.

Keywords

CUE; Cue5; Komagataella phaffii; lipid droplets; lipophagy; Pichia pastoris; Prl1; selective autophagy; stationary phase; yeast

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Cell & Developmental Biology

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