Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Psychological Distress among Bangladeshi Dental Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Version 1 : Received: 3 December 2021 / Approved: 6 December 2021 / Online: 6 December 2021 (15:22:59 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sabrina, F.; Chowdhury, M.T.H.; Nath, S.K.; Imon, A.A.; Quader, S.M.A.; Jahan, M.S.; Noor, A.E.; Podder, C.P.; Gainju, U.; Niroula, R.; Rahman, M.A. Psychological Distress among Bangladeshi Dental Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 176. Sabrina, F.; Chowdhury, M.T.H.; Nath, S.K.; Imon, A.A.; Quader, S.M.A.; Jahan, M.S.; Noor, A.E.; Podder, C.P.; Gainju, U.; Niroula, R.; Rahman, M.A. Psychological Distress among Bangladeshi Dental Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 176.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 19, 176
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19010176

Abstract

Background: Psychological sufferings are observed among dental students during their academic years, which had been intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives: This study assessed the levels and identified factors associated with psychological distress, fear and coping experienced by dental undergraduate students in Bangladesh. Methods: A cross sectional online survey was conducted during October-November, 2021. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) were used in order to assess psychological distress, fear and coping strategies respectively. Results: A total of 327 students participated; the majority (72%) were 19-23 years old and females (75%). One in five participants were infected with COVID-19 and 15% reported contact with COVID-19 cases. Negative financial impact (AOR 3.72, 95%CIs 1.28-10.8), recent or past COVID-19 infection, contact with COVID-19 cases were associated with higher levels of psychological distress; but being a 3rd year student (0.14, 0.04-0.55) and being satisfied about current social life (0.11, 0.03-0.33) were associated with lower levels of psychological distress. Being a 3rd year (0.17, 0.08-0.39) and a 4th year student (0.29, 0.12-0.71) were associated with lower levels of fear. Health care service use and feeling positive about life were associated with medium to high resilience coping. Conclusions: This study iden-tified dental students in Bangladesh who were at higher risk of psychological distress, fear and coping during the ongoing pandemic. Development of mental health support system within dental institution should be considered in addition to the academic and clinical teaching.

Keywords

Psychological distress; Fear; Coping; COVID-19; Bangladesh; Dental; Mental health

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Psychiatry & Mental Health studies

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