Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigation Into Cervical Spine Biomechanics Following Single, Multilevel and Hybrid Disc Replacement Surgery With Dynamic Cervical Implant and Fusion: A Finite Element Study

Version 1 : Received: 28 November 2021 / Approved: 1 December 2021 / Online: 1 December 2021 (10:24:47 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mumtaz, M.; Zafarparandeh, I.; Erbulut, D.U. Investigation into Cervical Spine Biomechanics Following Single, Multilevel and Hybrid Disc Replacement Surgery with Dynamic Cervical Implant and Fusion: A Finite Element Study. Bioengineering 2022, 9, 16. Mumtaz, M.; Zafarparandeh, I.; Erbulut, D.U. Investigation into Cervical Spine Biomechanics Following Single, Multilevel and Hybrid Disc Replacement Surgery with Dynamic Cervical Implant and Fusion: A Finite Element Study. Bioengineering 2022, 9, 16.

Journal reference: Bioengineering 2022, 9, 16
DOI: 10.3390/bioengineering9010016

Abstract

Cervical fusion has been a standard procedure for treating the abnormalities associated with the cervical spine. However, the reliability of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has become arguable due to its adverse effects on the biomechanics of adjacent segments. One of the drawbacks associated with ACDF is adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) which has served as the base for the development of dynamic stabilization systems (DSS) and total disc replacement (TDR) devices for cervical spine. However, the hybrid surgical technique has also gained popularity recently but their effect on the biomechanics of cervical spine is not well researched. Thus, the objective of this FE study was to draw the comparison among single, bi-level and hybrid surgery with DCI implant with traditional fusion. Reduction in range of motion (ROM) for all the implanted models was observed for all the motions except extension, compared to intact model. The maximum increase in ROM of 42% was observed at C5-C6 level in Hybrid-DCI model. The maximum increase in adjacent segment’s ROM of 8.7% was observed in multilevel fusion model. The maximum von Mises stress in the implant was highest for the multilevel DCI model. Our study also showed that the shape of DCI implant permits flexion/extension relatively more compared to lateral bending and axial rotation.

Keywords

cervical spine; finite element; dynamic cervical implant; multi-level fusion; hybrid surgery; disc replacement

Subject

ENGINEERING, Biomedical & Chemical Engineering

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