Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Stem Cell Differentiation Stage Factors (SCDSFs) Taken from Zebrafish Embryo During Organogenesis and Their Role as Epigenetics Regulators Able to Reverse Neurosensory Hearing Loss

Version 1 : Received: 25 November 2021 / Approved: 26 November 2021 / Online: 26 November 2021 (10:52:49 CET)

How to cite: Biava, P.M.; Ciaurelli, S.; Cibelli, R.B.; Pisano, G. Stem Cell Differentiation Stage Factors (SCDSFs) Taken from Zebrafish Embryo During Organogenesis and Their Role as Epigenetics Regulators Able to Reverse Neurosensory Hearing Loss. Preprints 2021, 2021110502 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0502.v1). Biava, P.M.; Ciaurelli, S.; Cibelli, R.B.; Pisano, G. Stem Cell Differentiation Stage Factors (SCDSFs) Taken from Zebrafish Embryo During Organogenesis and Their Role as Epigenetics Regulators Able to Reverse Neurosensory Hearing Loss. Preprints 2021, 2021110502 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0502.v1).

Abstract

Hearing dysfunctions can be classified by type, degree, configuration, time of onset, aetiology, and finally, consequences on speech development. They can be divided into conductive, mixed, central types and sensorineural. Conductive hearing loss (CHL) results from interference with the mechanical transmission of sound through the external and middle ear; it can be congenital, as a consequence of anatomic abnormalities, but it can commonly be acquired following middle ear inflammatory pathologies. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) results from failure to transduce vibrations to neural impulses in the cochlean and is a consequence of an irreversible damage to the differentiated cells which make up the organ of hearing and the acoustic paths at various levels. Mixed hearing loss involves a combination of these two types in the same ear. Studies in neuroscience field have shown that the prevention of cell degeneration is only possible if all the factors taken at the different stages of stem cells’ multiplication and differentiation are administered together. We have demonstrated this in a recent study on the ability of SCDSFs to prevent neurodegeneration in hippocampal cells of the CA1 zone in mice. This study confirms previous findings demonstrating that early developmental zebrafish embryo extracts could act as a modulator of senescence in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) isolated from many adult tissues. These findings have open a promising way for the approaches promoting the rejuvenation and regeneration of different tissues, by-passing stem cell transplantation. In the present clinical trial we have used SCDSFs to study the possible reversion of neurosensory hearing loss, until now considered an irreversible condition.

Keywords

Stem Cell; Embryo; Zebrafish; Neurosensory Hearing Loss; Tissue Regeneration

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Clinical Neurology

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