Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Landscape Analysis of Supportive Supervisory mechanisms in Maternal and Child Health Programs in India

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2021 / Approved: 24 November 2021 / Online: 24 November 2021 (12:45:25 CET)

How to cite: Gupta, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Joshi, A.; Pakhare, A. Landscape Analysis of Supportive Supervisory mechanisms in Maternal and Child Health Programs in India. Preprints 2021, 2021110454 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0454.v1). Gupta, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Joshi, A.; Pakhare, A. Landscape Analysis of Supportive Supervisory mechanisms in Maternal and Child Health Programs in India. Preprints 2021, 2021110454 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0454.v1).

Abstract

Background: Supportive supervision has lately been gaining traction in various national health systems as an effective way of boosting the performance of community health workers in a constructive and sustainable way. However, not much is known about the basis/mandate of supportive supervision and its approach in maternal and child health programs in India. The current analysis contributes to a clearer understanding of the paradigms within which supportive supervision is envisioned to operate within India and identifies potential strengths and areas requiring attention. Method: Document analysis of implementation documents such as guidelines/ operational manuals/operationalization modules/ training modules of nationally implemented maternal and child health programs, with data extraction according to a pre-determined domain-based template. Results: Many of the documents reviewed do not mention supportive supervision at all. In the few documents where supportive supervision is mentioned, the paradigms within which it is supposed to operate (who will do it, when will it be done, how to do it, training and logistic support, reporting formats, etc.) have not been clearly identified in most programs. Conclusion: Even though supportive supervision is being increasingly identified as an effective way of performative improvement in national health programs in India, more effort needs to be put into identifying and enforcing the tenets of supportive supervision in practice, in order to bring about the desired change.

Keywords

supportive supervision; health systems strengthening; document analysis; LMIC; maternal and child health

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Allergology

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