Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Precipitation Forecast Characteristics of Radar Data Assimilation Based on Precipitation Types

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2021 / Approved: 24 November 2021 / Online: 24 November 2021 (10:11:16 CET)

How to cite: Bae, J.; Min, K. Precipitation Forecast Characteristics of Radar Data Assimilation Based on Precipitation Types. Preprints 2021, 2021110450 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0450.v1). Bae, J.; Min, K. Precipitation Forecast Characteristics of Radar Data Assimilation Based on Precipitation Types. Preprints 2021, 2021110450 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0450.v1).

Abstract

Radar observation data with high temporal and spatial resolution are used in the data assimilation experiment to improve precipitation forecast of a numerical model. The numerical model considered in this study is Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with double-moment 6-class microphysics scheme (WDM6). We calculated radar equivalent reflectivity factor using higher resolution WRF and compared with radar observations in South Korea. To compare the precipitation forecast characteristics of three-dimensional variational (3D-Var) assimilation of radar data, four experiments are performed based on different precipitation types. Comparisons of the 24-h accumulated rainfall with Automatic Weather Station (AWS) data, Contoured Frequency by Altitude Diagram (CFAD), Time Height Cross Sections (THCS), and vertical hydrometeor profiles are used to evaluate and compare the accuracy. The model simulations are performed with and with-out 3D-VAR radar reflectivity, radial velocity and AWS assimilation for two mesoscale convective cases and two synoptic scale cases. The radar data assimilation experiment improved the location of precipitation area and rainfall intensity compared to the control run. Especially, for the two convective cases, simulating mesoscale convective system was greatly improved.

Keywords

Radar; precipitation; 3D-Var; data assimilation; WRF

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Atmospheric Science

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