Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

High-Resolution Microstructure Characterization of Additively Manufactured X5CrNiCuNb17-4 Maraging Steel during Ex and in Situ Thermal Treatment

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2021 / Approved: 19 November 2021 / Online: 19 November 2021 (14:23:25 CET)

How to cite: Albu, M.; Panzirsch, B.; Schröttner, H.; Mitsche, S.; Reichmann, K.; Poletti, C.; Kothleitner, G. High-Resolution Microstructure Characterization of Additively Manufactured X5CrNiCuNb17-4 Maraging Steel during Ex and in Situ Thermal Treatment. Preprints 2021, 2021110356 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0356.v1). Albu, M.; Panzirsch, B.; Schröttner, H.; Mitsche, S.; Reichmann, K.; Poletti, C.; Kothleitner, G. High-Resolution Microstructure Characterization of Additively Manufactured X5CrNiCuNb17-4 Maraging Steel during Ex and in Situ Thermal Treatment. Preprints 2021, 2021110356 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0356.v1).

Abstract

Powder and SLM additively manufactured parts of X5CrNiCuNb17-4 maraging steel were systematically investigated by electron microscopy to understand the relationship between the properties of the powder grains and the microstructure of the printed parts. We prove that satellites, irregularities and superficial oxidation of powder particles can be transformed into an advantage through the formation of nanoscale (AlMnSiTiCr)-oxides in the matrix during the printing process. The nano-oxides showed extensive stability in terms of size, spherical morphology, chemical composition and crystallographic disorder upon in situ heating up to 950°C in the scanning transmission electron microscope. Their presence thus indicates a potential for oxide-dispersive strengthening of this steel, which may be beneficial for creep resistance at elevated temperatures. The nucleation of copper clusters and their evolution into nanoparticles as well as the precipitation of Ni and Cr particles upon in situ heating have as well been systematically documented.

Keywords

additive manufacturing; microstructure; STEM in situ heating experiments

Subject

MATERIALS SCIENCE, General Materials Science

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