Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

First Observation of Unicellular Organisms Concentrating Arsenic in ACC Intracellular Inclusions

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2021 / Approved: 19 November 2021 / Online: 19 November 2021 (09:24:06 CET)

How to cite: Martignier, A.; Filella, M.; Jaquet, J.; Coster, M.; Ariztegui, D. First Observation of Unicellular Organisms Concentrating Arsenic in ACC Intracellular Inclusions. Preprints 2021, 2021110267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0267.v1). Martignier, A.; Filella, M.; Jaquet, J.; Coster, M.; Ariztegui, D. First Observation of Unicellular Organisms Concentrating Arsenic in ACC Intracellular Inclusions. Preprints 2021, 2021110267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0267.v1).

Abstract

In unicellular organisms, intracellular inclusions of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) have been initially described in cyanobacteria and, later, in unicellular eukaryotes of Lake Geneva (Switzerland/France). Inclusions in unicellular eukaryotes ‒named micropearls‒ consist of hydrated ACCs, frequently enriched in Sr or Ba, displaying internal oscillatory zonations due to variations in the Ba:Ca or Sr:Ca ratios. The analysis of our database consisting of 1597 micropearl analyses from Lake Geneva and 34 from Lake Titicaca (Bolivia/Peru) has shown that a certain number of Sr and Ba-enriched micropearls from these lakes contain As in amounts measurable by EDXS. A Q-mode statistical analysis has confirmed the existence of five geochemically distinct morpho-chemical groups of As-bearing micropearls, among which a new category identified in Lake Geneva, where As is often associated with Mg. This new type of micropearl is possibly produced in a small (7-12 m size) bi-flagellated organism. Micropearls from Lake Titicaca, which contain Sr, are found in an organism very similar to Tetraselmis cordiformis, observed in Lake Geneva. Lake Titicaca micropearls contain higher As concentrations which can be explained by the high As concentration in the water of this lake. The ubiquity of the biomineralization process observed points to the need for better understanding of the role of amorphous or crystalline calcium carbonates in As cycling in surface waters.

Keywords

Lake Geneva; Lake Titicaca; micropearls; ACC; arsenic; calcium; strontium; barium; biomineralisation; nondetects statistical analysis

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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