Preprint Communication Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Natural Falling and Dipping of House Fly (Musca domestica) on the Microbial Contamination of Water and Milk: A Short Communication Report

Version 1 : Received: 27 October 2021 / Approved: 2 November 2021 / Online: 2 November 2021 (22:48:42 CET)

How to cite: Baeshen, N.A.; Elsharawy, N.T.; Baeshen, N.N.; Baeshen, M.N. The Effect of Natural Falling and Dipping of House Fly (Musca domestica) on the Microbial Contamination of Water and Milk: A Short Communication Report. Preprints 2021, 2021110055 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0055.v1). Baeshen, N.A.; Elsharawy, N.T.; Baeshen, N.N.; Baeshen, M.N. The Effect of Natural Falling and Dipping of House Fly (Musca domestica) on the Microbial Contamination of Water and Milk: A Short Communication Report. Preprints 2021, 2021110055 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0055.v1).

Abstract

Background: The study describes the comparison of different microbial load results of natural falling and dipping of the house fly (Musca domestica) in water and milk to investigate the possibilities of preventing the effect of the transferred pathogens from the house fly to our sources by pointing out the existence of antimicrobial factors within the house fly. Methods: Samples of house fly were collected from Jeddah and Makkah (Makkah region) and were directly transferred to the laboratory. Each house fly was packed in sterile test tubes. Each tube was opened oppositely to a larger test tube containing 10 ml of sterile tap water, and sterile water at pH 4.0 in other similar series of treatments to represent the reactions of stomach fluids. Later, the house flies were left for 20 seconds after reaching the water surface, and then cultured on different microbial media to evaluate the microbial load of the natural falling of the house fly. To evaluate the complete dipping of house flies in the water, two methods were tested by one complete dip for the flies for 20 seconds, and three times complete dipping for 20 seconds in water before evaluating the microbial load. The same methods were achieved on milk in a series of experiments and the microbial load was evaluated after the incubation at room temperature for three hours. Results: It was found that dipping treatments of house flies gave lower microbial contamination in water at pH 4.0 than neutral pH. The lower microbial load was also observed when dipping the house flies three times in water as compared to once dipping and natural falling treatments. It was also found that the complete dipping of house flies’ treatments in milk will reduce the microbial contamination as compared to natural falling treatments. Conclusion: The observed results support the presence of antimicrobial factors on the house fly.

Keywords

hosue fly,; falling,; dipping,; antimicrobial,; milk,; water

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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