Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Systematic Literature Review of Blockchain-Based Crops Traceability in Agricultural Supply Chain

Version 1 : Received: 28 October 2021 / Approved: 1 November 2021 / Online: 1 November 2021 (16:04:00 CET)

How to cite: Sakib, S.M.N. A Systematic Literature Review of Blockchain-Based Crops Traceability in Agricultural Supply Chain. Preprints 2021, 2021110027 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0027.v1). Sakib, S.M.N. A Systematic Literature Review of Blockchain-Based Crops Traceability in Agricultural Supply Chain. Preprints 2021, 2021110027 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0027.v1).

Abstract

In recent years, Blockchain has been favorably adopted in the Supply Chain industry as it provides guaranteed transparency and traceability. The flexibility of Blockchain allows different applications to enable to exchange information; a significant middleweight layer is responsible for information transfer in the Agricultural Sector. The products that are manufactured at a global level in the agriculture industry are improved in safety, validation of some criteria, and quality. In the agriculture industry, the increasing number of complications associated with food safety and impurity risks needs high-level effective traceability solutions that act as necessary quality management tools to make sure satisfactory safety of crops. The agricultural supply chain today has complex ecosystems, consisting of several stockholders to authenticate criteria which are important like crop development stages, monitoring and validation, and compliance with the quality standard. In this proposed research, a systematic literature review will be done that includes smart contracts, Blockchain, and business transactions exclusively for crop production traceability across the agricultural and food supply chain. By using Blockchain in the agriculture sector, productivity, consistency, safety, reliability, and advanced security are increased. All transactions are kept and recorded on the immutable record of Blockchain associates with a decentralized system. Thus, it provides more traceability and clarity in the agriculture system in asafe, trustworthy, and effective way. A systematic literature review is thus enforced to classify the papers which are selected by the following classification: crop traceability, contribution type, research type, and their approach. For this systematic review, the papers which extracted are classified according to defined criteria. The purpose of this study is to fill the gap by collecting and analyzing studies available within the literature aiming to firstly, gain complete insight on the integration of Blockchain in the agriculture sector. Secondly, provide a summary of the present state of research on this area and identify gaps in existing studies. To achieve this aim an SLR was conducted. The findings of this SLR are discussed and researchers were provided with suggestions on possible directions for future research.

Keywords

Blockchain; Agriculture; Traceability; Food Supply chain; Crops.

Subject

MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, Information Technology & Data Management

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