Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of Coloristic Decoration of the Architectural Order in Shaping the Façade Tectonics in the Baroque Period

Version 1 : Received: 30 October 2021 / Approved: 1 November 2021 / Online: 1 November 2021 (11:46:41 CET)

How to cite: Ludwig, B. The Role of Coloristic Decoration of the Architectural Order in Shaping the Façade Tectonics in the Baroque Period. Preprints 2021, 2021110010 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0010.v1). Ludwig, B. The Role of Coloristic Decoration of the Architectural Order in Shaping the Façade Tectonics in the Baroque Period. Preprints 2021, 2021110010 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0010.v1).

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the role of polychrome solutions of the architectonic order in the concept of the Baroque façade. The ancient principles of designing architectural structures, inherited from the Renaissance were subjected to reinterpretations in order to impart different expressive values. The arrangements of façades, initially balanced or even horizontal, were replaced by ambiguous bivalent compositions. Vertical layouts began to dominate in the Baroque. Appropriately selected polychrome of the elements of the order could emphasize the compositional expression. The relationship between the layout of the polychrome in a given architectural order and the expression of a work of art has been established for quite a long time. However, the generally available data on color schemes of architectural structures in baroque buildings are still not fully organized. The paper analyses examples of Baroque façades preserved in their original state and revalorized in recent years after thorough conservator’s research in the field of architecture and color. The examples are mainly designed in the so-called great order, i.e. pertaining largely to church façades. In the Baroque, the vertical direction of the composition was strongly emphasized by multiplying or applying perspective arrangements of supports, and finally by embattled entablatures. The decisive field of change became the shaping of the coloristic decoration of the entablature – decisions regarding the material and color separation of elements of the frieze above the supports. The uniform color of all vertical elements of the façade structure guaranteed an unambiguous verticality of the composition.

Keywords

color; polychrome, baroque architecture; 16th-18th century; entablature; architectural order.

Subject

ARTS & HUMANITIES, Art History & Restoration

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