Romano, D.; Schmid, G. Beyond Bitcoin: Recent Trends and Perspectives in Distributed Ledger Technology. Cryptography2021, 5, 36.
Romano, D.; Schmid, G. Beyond Bitcoin: Recent Trends and Perspectives in Distributed Ledger Technology. Cryptography 2021, 5, 36.
In the last four years, the evolution and adoption of blockchain and, more generally, distributed ledger systems have shown the affirmation of many concepts and models with significant differences in system governance and suitable applications. This work aims to update the critical analysis of blockchain technologies carried out by our previous contribution to this journal, extending the focus to distributed ledger components and systems. Starting from the topical concept of decentralization, we introduce concepts and building blocks currently adopted in the available systems centering on their functional aspects and impact on possible applications. We present some conceptual framing tools helpful in the application context, and we will propose the concept of process authenticity, which we will discuss through two use cases: blockchain document dematerialization and e-voting.
Blockchain technology; Process authenticity; Tokens; Anchors; Oracles
MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, Information Technology & Data Management
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