Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Religion, Migration and Political Economy in the USA: from Open-Doors to Raids & Sanctuaries

Version 1 : Received: 27 September 2021 / Approved: 28 September 2021 / Online: 28 September 2021 (21:27:59 CEST)

How to cite: Sánchez-Bayón, A.; Sánchez-Barricarte, J.J. Religion, Migration and Political Economy in the USA: from Open-Doors to Raids & Sanctuaries. Preprints 2021, 2021090476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0476.v1). Sánchez-Bayón, A.; Sánchez-Barricarte, J.J. Religion, Migration and Political Economy in the USA: from Open-Doors to Raids & Sanctuaries. Preprints 2021, 2021090476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0476.v1).

Abstract

This is a study of Political Economy on religion and migration management in the United States of America (USA). This paper offers a review of migrants-citizens relations in the USA, with attention to the pendulum effect, moving from integration policies (open doors and melting pot agenda) to official persecution (raids and deportations), with a high social opportunity cost. There has been a split between the State and civil society, causing civil disobedience and sanctuary network across the country. Also, it is paid attention to the American post-modern paradox, as a result of culture wars and identity politics that imply a violation of American constitutional principles (i.e. religious liberty, freedom of movement, to pursuit the happiness). Special attention is paid to the development of the Sanctuary Movement, as an ongoing example of the sociocultural upheaval bringing grassroots society into confrontation with powerful elites by promoting resistance and offering help to the needy, even if this results in sanctions. This movement was revitalized after the values crisis of 2008, but it has also been polarized between those who follow the traditional approach to socio-religious action in the form of peaceful civil disobedience, and those who follow the ideological anti-system and communitarian approach, which causes greater tension for the immigrants themselves

Keywords

Religion; migration; Political Economy; demographic economic policies; sanctuary movement; persecution; civil disobedience; The United States of America (USA/US).

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