Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Generalizable One Health Framework for the Control of Zoonotic Diseases

Version 1 : Received: 23 September 2021 / Approved: 24 September 2021 / Online: 24 September 2021 (14:19:16 CEST)

How to cite: Ghai, R.; Wallace, R.; Kile, J.; Shoemaker, T.; Vieira, A.; Negron, M.; Shadomy, S.; Sinclair, J.; Goryoka, G.; Salyer, S.; Barton Behravesh, C. A Generalizable One Health Framework for the Control of Zoonotic Diseases. Preprints 2021, 2021090439 Ghai, R.; Wallace, R.; Kile, J.; Shoemaker, T.; Vieira, A.; Negron, M.; Shadomy, S.; Sinclair, J.; Goryoka, G.; Salyer, S.; Barton Behravesh, C. A Generalizable One Health Framework for the Control of Zoonotic Diseases. Preprints 2021, 2021090439

Abstract

Effectively preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases requires a One Health approach that involves collaboration across sectors responsible for human health, animal health (both domestic and wildlife), and the environment, as well as other partners. Here we describe the Generalizable One Health Framework (GOHF), a five-step framework that provides structure for using a One Health approach in zoonotic disease programs being implemented at the local, sub-national, national, regional, or international level. Part of the framework is a toolkit that compiles existing resources and presents them following a stepwise schematic, allowing users to identify relevant resources as they are required. Coupled with recommendations for implementing a One Health approach for zoonotic disease prevention and control in technical domains including laboratory, surveillance, preparedness and response, this framework can mobilize One Health and thereby enhance and guide capacity building to combat zoonotic disease threats at the human-animal-environment interface.

Keywords

One Health; zoonotic disease; zoonotic disease control; anthrax; brucellosis; rabies; rift valley fever; zoonotic influenza

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