Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Workflow to Investigate Subtle Differences in Wine Volatile Metabolome Induced by Different Root Systems and Irrigation Regimes

Version 1 : Received: 2 September 2021 / Approved: 6 September 2021 / Online: 6 September 2021 (09:52:40 CEST)

How to cite: Awale, M.; Liu, C.; Kwasniewski, M.T. Workflow to Investigate Subtle Differences in Wine Volatile Metabolome Induced by Different Root Systems and Irrigation Regimes. Preprints 2021, 2021090081 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0081.v1). Awale, M.; Liu, C.; Kwasniewski, M.T. Workflow to Investigate Subtle Differences in Wine Volatile Metabolome Induced by Different Root Systems and Irrigation Regimes. Preprints 2021, 2021090081 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0081.v1).

Abstract

To allow for a broad survey of subtle metabolic shifts in wine caused by rootstock and irrigation, an integrated metabolomics-based workflow followed by quantitation was developed. This workflow was particularly useful when applied to a poorly studied variety cv. Chambourcin. Allowing volatile metabolites that otherwise may have been missed with a targeted analysis to be included, this approach allowed deeper modeling of treatment differences which then could be used to identify important compounds. Wines produced on a per vine basis, over two years, were analyzed using SPME-GC-MS/MS. From the 382 and 221 features that differed significantly among rootstocks in 2017 and 2018 respectively, we tentatively identified 94 compounds by library search and retention index, with 22 confirmed and quantified using authentic standards. Own-rooted Chambourcin differed from other root-systems for multiple volatile compounds with fewer dif-ferences among grafted vines. For example, the average concentration of β-Damascenone present in own-rooted vines (9.49 µg/L) was significantly lower in other rootstocks (8.59 µg/L), whereas mean Linalool was significantly higher in 1103P rootstock compared to own-rooted. β-Damascenone was higher in regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) than other treatments. The workflow outlined not only was shown to be useful for scientific investigation, but also in creating a protocol for analysis that would ensure differences of interest to industry are not missed.

Keywords

rootstocks; untargeted metabolomics; features; grafted; multivariate analysis; volatile compounds

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