Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessment on the Use of Meteorological and Social Media Information for Forest Fires Detection and Prediction in Riau, Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 15 August 2021 / Approved: 23 August 2021 / Online: 23 August 2021 (13:17:01 CEST)

How to cite: Fitriany, A.A.; Flatau, P.J.; Khoirunurrofik, K.; Riama, N.F. Assessment on the Use of Meteorological and Social Media Information for Forest Fires Detection and Prediction in Riau, Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021080438 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0438.v1). Fitriany, A.A.; Flatau, P.J.; Khoirunurrofik, K.; Riama, N.F. Assessment on the Use of Meteorological and Social Media Information for Forest Fires Detection and Prediction in Riau, Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021080438 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0438.v1).

Abstract

Early detection that results in early warning of forest fires occurrences in Indonesia, which are strongly related to land management practices (including peatlands), is necessary to mitigate land and forest fires in Indonesia. Riau has been chosen in this study because of its vulnerability to forest fires. The remoteness of this region is one reason for developing alternative warning tools using meteorological and social media information. This study identified tweets related to fires using carefully selected keywords, geoparsed to select messages relevant to fire occurrences, and binned within several Indonesian sub-regions in Riau Province. Content analysis was performed for 31 related online local newspapers. Assessment to study the correlation between meteorological and Twitter information with the forest fires was conducted. Existing approaches that the BMKG and other Indonesian agencies use to detect fire activities are reviewed, and a novel approach based on crowdsourcing of tweets is proposed. The results show a correlation between meteorological information and Twitter activity with satellites derived hotspot information. The policy implications of these results suggest that information should be included in the fire management system in Indonesia to support fire early detection as part of fire disaster mitigation efforts.

Keywords

forest fires; forest fires policy; social media; Indonesia

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