Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Association of Migraine and Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Saudi Arabia: A Nationwide Survey.

Version 1 : Received: 17 August 2021 / Approved: 18 August 2021 / Online: 18 August 2021 (11:21:40 CEST)

How to cite: Bin Abdulrahman, K.A.; Alenazi, N.S.; Albishri, S.B.; Alshehri, F.F. Association of Migraine and Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Saudi Arabia: A Nationwide Survey.. Preprints 2021, 2021080376 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0376.v1). Bin Abdulrahman, K.A.; Alenazi, N.S.; Albishri, S.B.; Alshehri, F.F. Association of Migraine and Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Saudi Arabia: A Nationwide Survey.. Preprints 2021, 2021080376 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0376.v1).

Abstract

Migraine is a primary headache disorder with a prevalence of 11.6% globally and 27% in Saudi Arabia. Irritable bowel syndrome has a prevalence of 9.2% worldwide. The prevalence of IBS has not been established nationally. However, provincial studies for both migraine and IBS have been conducted across the nation. There is a significant link between migraines and IBS globally. This identifies an association that needs to be investigated in a nationwide manner. This study aims to observe the association and the relationship between migraine and irritable bowel syndrome in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2021 to June 2021 among the general population of Saudi Arabia, whose ages are 15 years old or greater. The data collection tools included MS-Q for migraine symptoms, MIGSEV scale for severity of migraine, and The IBS module of the Rome IV Diagnostic Questionnaire (R4DQ) for IBS symptoms and its subtype. With a total of 2802 participants, the majority of the study sample were males, who constituted 52.5%. Among the study's sample, the prevalence of migraine consisted of 27.4%, and the prevalence of IBS was 16.4%. The odds of having IBS in migraineurs were much higher than in those without migraines (OR 4.127; 95% CI 3.325-5.121), and the association was statistically significant (P<0.001). In conclusion, there is a strong association between migraine and irritable bowel syndrome in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords

Migraine; Headache; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Chronic Pain; Saudi Arabia

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