Preprint Hypothesis Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

From Oncological Paradigms to Non-Communicable Disease Pandemic. The Need of Recovery Human Biology Evolution

Version 1 : Received: 6 August 2021 / Approved: 11 August 2021 / Online: 11 August 2021 (17:57:09 CEST)

How to cite: Biganzoli, E.; Demicheli, R. From Oncological Paradigms to Non-Communicable Disease Pandemic. The Need of Recovery Human Biology Evolution. Preprints 2021, 2021080267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0267.v1). Biganzoli, E.; Demicheli, R. From Oncological Paradigms to Non-Communicable Disease Pandemic. The Need of Recovery Human Biology Evolution. Preprints 2021, 2021080267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0267.v1).

Abstract

The paradigm of the Somatic Mutation Theory (SMT) is failing and a new paradigm is in the making but not yet established. What is being challenged is a conceptual approach that involves the entire human biology and the development of chronic diseases. The behavior of breast cancer is well compatible with the concept that the primary tumor is able to control its microscopic metastases, in the same way that an organ (e.g., the liver) is able to control its physiological size. This finding suggested that breast cancer and its metastases may behave as an organoid. The new paradigm under construction considers the origin of tumors as a disturbance in the communication network between tissue cell populations and between cells and extracellular matrix, and supports a systemic approach to the study of both healthy and pathologic tissues. The commentary provides a rationale for the role of physical exercise in the control of tumor dormancy according to a human evolutionary perspective.

Keywords

Cancer dormancy; Low-grade chronic inflammation; Healthy aging; Physical exercise

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