Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Thermobarometry of Diamond Inclusions: Evidence Mantle Evolution beneath Siberian Craton and Archean Cratons Worldwide.

Version 1 : Received: 9 August 2021 / Approved: 10 August 2021 / Online: 10 August 2021 (12:19:55 CEST)

How to cite: Ashchepkov, I.; Logvinova, A.; Spetsius, Z.; Downes, H. Thermobarometry of Diamond Inclusions: Evidence Mantle Evolution beneath Siberian Craton and Archean Cratons Worldwide.. Preprints 2021, 2021080231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0231.v1). Ashchepkov, I.; Logvinova, A.; Spetsius, Z.; Downes, H. Thermobarometry of Diamond Inclusions: Evidence Mantle Evolution beneath Siberian Craton and Archean Cratons Worldwide.. Preprints 2021, 2021080231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0231.v1).

Abstract

Thermobarometric calculations for mineral inclusions in diamonds provide a systematic comparison of PTXFO2 conditions for different cratons worldwide, using a database of 4440 mineral EPMA analyses. Beneath all cratons, the cold branch of the mantle geotherm (35-32 mWm−2) relates to the sub-Ca garnets and rarely omphacitic diamond inclusions, referring to major continental growth events in Archean. High-temperature plume-related geotherms are common in Proterozoic kimberlites such as Premier, Mesozoic – Roberts Victor etc. and are common in Slave and Siberian cratons. In mobile belts: Limpopo, Magondi, Ural Ural, Khapchan belts and in the marginal parts of cratons like Kimberly Australia pyroxenitic and eclogitic pyroxenes and garnets prevail. The pyropes in the mobile belts are more Fe- and Ca-rich, in central parts of cratons, the peridotitic associations with sub- Ca pyropes prevail. The accretionary complexes like Khapchan and Magondi belts a thick eclogite-pyroxenite lens is highly diamondiferous. Comparison by minerals shows that the PT estimates for clinopyroxenes and orthopyroxene from peridotites and eclogites are representing mainly the middle part of the sub-lithospheric mantle while garnets gives more high-pressure estimates. refer to eclogites and reflect the processes of the differentiation during migration of partial melts. This produces the trends of joint decreasing Mg’ and pressures. The PT for the chromites reflect conditions just above the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary and mainly were formed due to interaction with the hydrous plume protokimberlite melts. Archean diamond inclusions from Wawa province Canada are represented by Ca-enrich pyropes giving low-temperature conditions. Inclusions from younger kimberlites in Superior and Slave (and Siberian and East European ) cratons show complex high-temperature geotherms due to plumes influence. Peridotite garnets beneath the Amazonian craton indicate complex layering in the lithosphere base and a pyroxene layer in the middle part of SCLM. Diamond inclusions from the Kimberley craton of Australia show the greatest variations in the temperatures and composition.

Keywords

diamond inclusions; thermobarometry; pyrope; clinopyroxenes; chromite; eclogites; peridotites

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