Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Review of Registered and Candidate Vaccines for Bovine Respiratory Disease in the UK

Version 1 : Received: 2 August 2021 / Approved: 3 August 2021 / Online: 3 August 2021 (13:39:11 CEST)

How to cite: Lemon, J.L.; McMenamy, M.J. A Review of Registered and Candidate Vaccines for Bovine Respiratory Disease in the UK. Preprints 2021, 2021080082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0082.v1). Lemon, J.L.; McMenamy, M.J. A Review of Registered and Candidate Vaccines for Bovine Respiratory Disease in the UK. Preprints 2021, 2021080082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0082.v1).

Abstract

Vaccination is widely regarded as a cornerstone in animal or herd health and infectious disease management. Nineteen vaccines against the major pathogens implicated in bovine respiratory disease are registered for use in the UK by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD). However, despite annual prophylactic vaccination, bovine respiratory disease is still conservatively estimated to cost the UK economy approximately £80 million per annum. This review examines the vaccine types available, discusses the surrounding literature and scientific rationale of the limitations and assesses the potential of novel vaccine technologies.

Keywords

vaccines; vaccination; bovine respiratory disease; antigen; adjuvants

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