Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Longitudinal Secretion of Paramyxovirus RNA in the Urine of Straw-Coloured Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)

Version 1 : Received: 19 July 2021 / Approved: 20 July 2021 / Online: 20 July 2021 (16:46:22 CEST)

How to cite: Jolma, E.R.; Gibson, L.; Suu-Ire, R.D.; Fleischer, G.; Asumah, S.; Languon, S.; Restif, O.; Wood, J.L.N.; Cunningham, A.A. Longitudinal Secretion of Paramyxovirus RNA in the Urine of Straw-Coloured Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Preprints 2021, 2021070467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0467.v1). Jolma, E.R.; Gibson, L.; Suu-Ire, R.D.; Fleischer, G.; Asumah, S.; Languon, S.; Restif, O.; Wood, J.L.N.; Cunningham, A.A. Longitudinal Secretion of Paramyxovirus RNA in the Urine of Straw-Coloured Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Preprints 2021, 2021070467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0467.v1).

Abstract

The straw-coloured fruit bat (Eidolon helvum) is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and is widely hunted for bushmeat. It is known to harbour a range of paramyxoviruses, including rubuloviruses and henipaviruses, but the zoonotic potential of these is unknown. We previously found a diversity of paramyxoviruses within a small, captive colony of E. helvum after it had been closed to contact with other bats for five years. In this study, we used under-roost urine collection to further investigate the paramyxovirus diversity and ecology in this colony, which had been closed to the outside for ten years at the time of sampling. By sampling urine weekly throughout an entire year, we investigated possible seasonal patterns of shedding of virus or viral RNA. Using a generic paramyxovirus L-gene PCR, we detected eight distinct paramyxovirus RNA sequences. Six distinct sequences were detected using a Henipavirus-specific PCR which targeted a different region of the L-gene. Sequence detection had a bi-annual pattern, with the greatest peak in July, although different RNA sequences appeared to have different shedding patterns. No significant associations were detected between sequence detection and birthing season, environmental temperature or humidity, and no signs of illness were detected in any of the bats in the colony during the period of sample collection.

Subject Areas

chiroptera; Pteropodidae; Henipavirus; Paramyxoviridae; Rubulavirus; persistence

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.