Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Multifaceted Challenge to Enhance Multi-Criteria Decision Support for Energy Policy

Version 1 : Received: 5 July 2021 / Approved: 7 July 2021 / Online: 7 July 2021 (11:17:19 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Krysiak, M.; Kluczek, A. A Multifaceted Challenge to Enhance Multicriteria Decision Support for Energy Policy. Energies 2021, 14, 4128. Krysiak, M.; Kluczek, A. A Multifaceted Challenge to Enhance Multicriteria Decision Support for Energy Policy. Energies 2021, 14, 4128.

Journal reference: Energies 2021, 14, 4128
DOI: 10.3390/en14144128

Abstract

The last half of the 20th century was characterized by the most impactful ecosystem changes throughout regulations and guidelines minimalizing environmental harms. Many of them emphasize the importance of enterprise sustainability for renewable energy policy. When dealing with numerous alternatives for the implementation of renewables-based policy, decision-makers need to analyze their impacts on environmental, economic, and social dimensions from a long-term perspective. The aim of this paper is to highlight a challenge to apply the multi-criteria sustainability decision-making framework (MDCA) to mainstream energy policy. The integrative framework covers an approach for the needs of analyzing factors influencing the energy technology selection. In this study, the MDCA-approach combines lifecycle-based methods, Analytical Hierarchy Process, PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environment and Legal). To demonstrate the applicability and usability of the method three photovoltaic technologies are assessed. The results showed that string ribbon technology is the most sustainable along its life cycle, with a 0.503 sustainability score. The study highlighted the need to embody robust methodologies assessing sustainability-oriented technologies, not used anymore for supporting energy policies. This challenge regarding example evidence can give energy decision-makers a tool to realize their energy policy and in consequence, enhance enterprise sustainability.

Subject Areas

sustainability assessment; energy technology; multicriteria decision-making (MDCA); AHP; PESTLE; photovoltaics; energy policy

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