Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Relationship between Pica and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women in East Jeddah Hospital

Version 1 : Received: 5 July 2021 / Approved: 7 July 2021 / Online: 7 July 2021 (07:54:39 CEST)

How to cite: Zaki, R.; Fouly, H.; Elkafafi, H. The Relationship between Pica and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women in East Jeddah Hospital. Preprints 2021, 2021070166 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0166.v1). Zaki, R.; Fouly, H.; Elkafafi, H. The Relationship between Pica and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women in East Jeddah Hospital. Preprints 2021, 2021070166 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0166.v1).

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. The most common cause of eating non-food items (pica) is specific deficiencies of minerals, such as iron. This study aimed to assess the relationship between Pica and Iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women. METHODS. The study was conducted in the out-patient department, antenatal Clinic at East Jeddah Hospital from July to September 2020. Design: A quantitative descriptive correlation design. Sample size: A total of 400 pregnant women, included anemic pregnant women, ≥ 18 years old, with singleton fetus and iron deficiency anemia. RESULTS. The mean age was 32.2 ± 6.6, half of the participants reported food cravings. Ice was the main item in pica followed by clay and chalk. Two-thirds had pica, more than half during the 1st trimester. There is a statistically significant relationship between pica and the history of a family member, parity, and gravidity at (P< 0,001, P <0,001, P <0,005) respectively. Hb and hematocrit in relation to pica reflected a statistically significant relationship (P< 0,001) and (P< 0,001), respectively. The symptoms attributed to iron deficiency were significantly associated with pica (P< 0,006). CONCLUSION. The pica and iron deficiency anemia had a significant association with pregnant women in EJH. RECOMMENDATION. The follow-up visits should integrate the food behavior inquiry to check if the pica existing with anemic or non-anemic pregnant women. Also, increase the awareness among midwives-nurses about the prevalence of pica and iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women.

Keywords

Pica; iron deficiency anemia; Relationship; pregnant women

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