Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

“Resource Portfolio” and Total Capital of Different Social Classes in the Modern Society of Latvia

Version 1 : Received: 23 June 2021 / Approved: 25 June 2021 / Online: 25 June 2021 (10:51:58 CEST)

How to cite: Komarova, V.; Mietule, I.; Arbidāne, I.; Tumalavičius, V. “Resource Portfolio” and Total Capital of Different Social Classes in the Modern Society of Latvia. Preprints 2021, 2021060615 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0615.v1). Komarova, V.; Mietule, I.; Arbidāne, I.; Tumalavičius, V. “Resource Portfolio” and Total Capital of Different Social Classes in the Modern Society of Latvia. Preprints 2021, 2021060615 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0615.v1).

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate “resource portfolios” and total capital, as well as the degree of those resources capitalization, which representatives of different social classes in the modern Latvia have at their disposal. The amount and structure of “resource portfolio” and total capital of different social classes studied using the resource-asset-capital approach. The article presents results of the sociological survey of social stratification in modern Latvia on the example of its one region – Latgale (2019, n = 798, representative sample of the adult population), identifying social classes based on two objective (income and education) and one subjective (self-identification of respondents) criteria. Based on the example of the lower working class and the middle class, the authors proved that representatives of these polar social classes have a total capital of different amount, which is determined by two main reasons: 1) the lower working class has statistically significantly smaller “resource portfolio” than the middle class; 2) the lower working class is not so successful as the middle class in activating the resources at their disposal, turning them into their capital. These statistically significant two-level differences have to be considered when pursuing social policies on reducing differences between social classes.

Subject Areas

Latvia; social classes; “resource portfolio”; social capital; degree of the resource capitalization.

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